The existence of candles can be traced way back the times of the ancient Egyptians. Back then, bull rushes were dipped in tallow to create one. Later on, the Romans modified the candle by using a wick. Aside from lighting homes, candles were mainly used for rituals, worship and aid for night travels. Even today, they still play a significant role in adding solemnity to an occasion.
Nowadays, candle making has become a hobby for many people. Its uses have extended to other purposes – to relax and soothe the mind, to help create a romantic ambience in a room, for meditation and many more. More and more people have become interested in making candles from home. So, for all DIY crafters out there and for those who want to learn the art of candle making, here is a list of the basic equipment you need.
There are so many types of wax to choose from – gel, beeswax, paraffin and a lot more.
A scale is needed to weigh the wax and other ingredients in order to get the right quantity.
Moulds or Containers
The type of mould you use would depend on the kind of candle you want to create. Metal cans are recommended for beginners. Fancy moulds are sold in local craft stores.
The type and size of the wick you choose is a vital factor in candle making if you want to create one that burns properly. You can purchase wicks pre-tabbed or pre-primed.
To colour candles, you can choose from liquid dye, blocks or dye chips.
Wax needs to be melted up to 190º F. The thermometer will be used to measure the wax you are melting to ensure that you get the right temperature. You can use a candy thermometer for this.
This will be utilised for wax melting. A hot plate can also be used as alternative.
Saucepans or Pitcher
This will be for melting the wax. The double-boiler method is used by many people for candle making. To do this, simply fill half of a large saucepan with water then heat it on a stove. Fill a smaller saucepan with wax and place it inside the heated large pan.
Spray the agent on the mould before adding wax. Candles will be easier to remove from the mould when you use releasing agents, like vegetable oil.
This will seal the wick hole effectively and keep the wax from leaking out.
This would include old newspaper (to cover the work surface), latex gloves (for hand protection), rubbing alcohol (to clean the saucepan before it totally cools down) and paper towels.
Candle making can be used as a hobby or for business purposes. As you become acquainted with the process, you can start experimenting with different sizes, colours, designs and fragrances.